This chapter introduces the basic HTML tags common to nearly every browser, as defined by the HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.0 transitional specifications. The tags fall primarily into three distinct groups: document structure elements, block elements, and inline elements. In addition to these elements are character entities for inserting special characters into a document. The elements are presented for the most part in a top-down manner: from larger, document and block-oriented structures (such as paragraphs), to smaller units (such as the actual character entities). To speed up the discussion, common attributes to nearly all HTML elements are discussed as a group. Before proceeding, we quickly revisit the structure of HTML documents.
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